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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1071\margr5604\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1769\margrsxn5662\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw4126\colsr443\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 VIDARBHA WAR : YAVANA INCURSIONS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 185}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1071\margrsxn5604\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri47\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 as soon as Pusyamitra felt his position secure on the \expndtw1 throne he demanded the allegiance of Yajnasena. The course of the tussle is obscure, but it seems Agnimitra, \expndtw-2 who was Pusyamitta's son and Viceroy at Vidis'a, carried \expndtw7 on hostilities with great vigour and consummate \expndtw0 diplomacy. He won over to his side Yajnasena's cousin, \expndtw1 Madhavasena, and, at last, when the struggle ended, \expndtw8 Vidarbha was apportioned between the two cousins.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi464\ri7\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ) \i The Yavana incursions\i0 : During the time of Pusyamitra, India was in the grips of serious Yavana \expndtw13 inroads. The great grammarian Patanjali, who was \expndtw9 a contemporary of Pusyamitra, as we shall show \expndtw2 presently, alludes to their operations against Madhya-\expndtw4 mika (Nagari, near Chitor) and Saketa (Ayodhya), for \expndtw2 he gives the following illustrations of the use of the \expndtw-1 imperfect tense to indicate events not seen by the speaker \expndtw14 and yet recent enough to have been witnessed by \expndtw-1 him : \i Amnad Yavamh Sdketam \i0 (the Gieek was besieg\-\expndtw1 ing Saketa); \i Arunad Yavano Madhydmlkdm \i0 (the Greek \expndtw-3 was besieging Madhyamika).\super 1\nosupersub  The \i Gargt-SamUtd \i0 also \expndtw3 testifies that the "viciously valiant Greeks" reduced \expndtw4 Mathura, the Paficala country (Gangetic Doab), and \expndtw0 Saketa, and even reached Kusumadhvaja (Pataliputra). \expndtw3 Similarly, the \i Mdlavikagmmitra \i0 refers to the defeat of \expndtw8 the Yavanas\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 perhaps their advance body\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 on the \expndtw15 banks of the river Sindhu\super 2\nosupersub  by Vasumitra. We do \expndtw0 not know exactly who was the Yavana general to attack \expndtw3 India at this time. Some scholars identify him with \expndtw2 Demetrios and others with Menander. ' According to \expndtw1 Strabo, they were both great conquerors, and carried the \expndtw9 Greek standards to distant lands.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li396\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx515 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw-7 Mababhasya, \i0 3.2.111}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi382\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx515 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw6 Vincent Smith thinks that this river "now forms the boun\-\line dary between   Bundelkhand  and the Rajputana States" \i (E.H.L,\line \i0\expndtw7 4th  ed., p. 211).    Its  identification with the Indus,   however,\line \expndtw1 appears   equally  plausible  (I.H.j2., 1925,   pp.   214 f;   see     also\line \i\charscalex93\expndtw8 Jottrn. U.P. Hist. Soc.> \i0 July, 1941, pp. 9-20).}\par }